Why India celebrates Engineers Day on the birth anniversary of M. Visvesvaraya
The Engineering Community across India celebrates Engineers Day on 15 September every year as a tribute to the greatest Indian Engineer Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. “Role of Engineers in a developing India” is the theme of Engineers Day 2017.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, born on 15 September, 1861, in Muddenahalli near Chikkaballapur. He went on to become India’s most prolific civil engineer, dam builder, economist, statesman, and can be counted among the last century’s foremost nation-builders.
M. Visvesvaraya was also the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore as well as as the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. Due to his outstanding contribution to the society, Government of India conferred ‘Bharat Ratna’ on this legend in the year 1955.” He was also awarded the British knighthood by King George V, and hence has the honorific”sir”. His birthday, 15 September is celebrated as the Engineers day. He also designed and patented the automatic weir water floodgates, first installed at the Khadakwasla reservoir, Pune 1903. He transformed the Mysore state into what was then known as ‘model state’.
Known world over for his contribution to harnessing water resources, Visvesvaraya was, among other things, responsible for the building and consolidation of dams across the country. He is also credited with inventing the the Block System — automated doors that close in the conditions of overflow.
This eminent engineer passed away in 1962, leaving the world with his beneficial contributions. His memorial stands at Muddenahalli, which is managed by the Visvesvaraya National Memorial Trust as his name lives on through various universities including Visvesvaraya Technological University in Belagavi.
Former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam once said “Some of the brightest minds in the country can be found on the last benches of the classroom”.